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Energy Poverty and Climate Change: Elements to Debate


Publication date
22 September 2018
Directorate-General for Energy
Brazil, India, China, South Africa


Energy is essential to human survival. Supplying energy to all citizens is a requirement for social well-being and for a country’s economic development. The aim of this chapter is to discuss the differences in the availability of electricity around the world, mainly in Brazil, China, India, and South Africa, from a perspective of access as a human right. In this context, the concept of energy poverty and its nexus to climate changes will be discussed, considering the human dimension and equity. Moreover, this chapter presents metrics and new metrics (energy/climate changes), emphasizing the need to promote a program focused on access to electric power and to expand other basic services in developing countries.

Authors: Pereira, M.P., Freitas, M.A.V. and Silva, N.F.


Energy Poverty and Climate Change: Elements to Debate